Ayurveda Secrets For Good Health And Longevity
30/10/2017 | IndHerirage
Ayurveda is an invaluable gift from India to humanity. Ayurveda is a knowledge about the health and longevity of a person, which goes back centuries. Ayurveda is also called the "science of life" because its name consists of two parts - "Ayur" (which translates as "life") and the Veda ("knowledge"). Ayurveda includes various means and methods (therapeutic, preventive, hygienic) that contribute to the physical, mental and spiritual health of a person.
Ayurveda is an ancient medical science that does not prescribe chemicals to its patients. The advantage of Ayurveda in an integrated approach to human health.
Acquaintance with Ayurveda opens before each of us new aspects of our life, starting with philosophy and ending with traditional Ayurvedic medicine. Ayurvedic medicine is a holistic scientific system and its knowledge is only a small part of the most ancient, all-encompassing, but at the same time simple and understandable medicine, which is gaining ground today. Ayurvedic cosmetics developed 100% plant-based, does not contain preservatives and other artificial components. It has a strong anti-aging effect and effectively eliminates skin problems, has a guaranteed result with regular use. Ayurvedic cosmetics are safe, hypoallergenic, do not cause side effects, activates the latent possibilities of the body. As a result of using Ayurvedic cosmetics, regeneration processes are activated, which prevents wilting and rejuvenates the skin.
Ayurveda considers the Universe as a single, living organism, built like our body. Every action in the universe has a cause and effect. Each point of the universe contains information about the entire universe. All objects of the universe are inextricably linked with each other.
Ayurveda considers disharmony as the only cause of the disease. The methods and methods of treatment in Ayurveda, in the case of proper and timely use, have no side effects and act at all stages of the disease. Aromatherapy, music therapy, color therapy, taste therapy, mineral therapy, acupuncture, acupressure and energy massage, spiritual practices act on the etheric body in the first and second stages of the disease. At the third stage of the disease - add diet therapy, the correct daily routine, nutritional supplements, herbal remedies, including unraveled. At the fourth stage of the disease, methods of cleansing the body, acupuncture, homeopathy, phytotherapy, acupressure and general massage, hirudotherapy, bee removal, balneotherapy, therapeutic and respiratory gymnastics, diet therapy and psychophysiological regulation methods should be applied.
Ayurvedic medicines act gently, gradually and do not cause side effects, unlike modern pharmacological drugs, which are sometimes more scary than the disease itself. Ayurvedic medicines do not suppress, but activate the mechanism of self-regulation of the body: they hit exactly the target, destroying the enemy, and not the building in which he is - they do not drive the disease in, turning it into a chronic one, but pulling it out. They have a cleansing, tonic and anti-aging effect. Ayurveda speaks of the psychosematic nature of the disease, that is, that the disease is not generated only by the body, but equally by the mind.
The oldest system of Ayurveda in India is the science of life and is based on the fact that the activity of the body is subject to the laws of nature. The word Ayurveda in Sanskrit means "knowledge of life." It includes knowledge about health and the factors responsible for maintaining it. The Ayurvedic system, as a very perfect system of medicine, can save mankind from many unnecessary problems and diseases. All diseases according to Ayurveda are divided into two types: these are karmic diseases that we put in our thinking, and diseases that arise from our ignorance.
Ayurveda is a medical metaphysical science. This means that this is higher medicine, the primary source of medical knowledge, and the word “meta” means the subtle body, it contains the causes of disease. Modern medicine treats the symptoms of diseases, provides temporary assistance to the physical body, but the disease does not go away, but sinks into the deeper tissues of the body. The uniqueness of Ayurvedic knowledge lies in the universal principles common to all, applied in any conditions. Following them, you can get rid of the diseases of "ignorance." In modern society, confusion has arisen in choosing the right system of healing and lifestyle ... Ayurveda claims that when it comes time to die, you can die in a healthy body, not necessarily in a sick person.
To achieve the purity of the temple of the soul in Ayurveda includes internal and external purification.
Ayurveda - disease and ama
Illness and ama
Basically, the treatment of the disease is that we first cleanse the body of ama, then restore the doshas, and then again gain weight. Then ama accumulates again, we again begin to get rid of it, and so on, until we get into the Spiritual World.
The disease appears due to the fact that in the orgAnism accumulates ama, toxic indigestion products.
It all starts with the alimentary canal. When it is clogged, the decay products begin to suppress Agni - the internal fire, the fire of digestion, and a person does not receive enough nutrition. He eats and, nevertheless, feels weak due to the fact that the main esophagus and intestines are clogged with toxins. Ama from the surface state in the intestine and stomach penetrates into other dhat, into other tissues. It is important that human waste products (waste is small) are removed from the body in a timely manner.
The degree of manifestation of the disease depends on how deeply ama entered the tissue. All fatal and chronic diseases begin with simple indigestion.
Ayurveda says that a disease is the body’s desire to get rid of toxins. The body creates a critical situation, as a result of which the temperature rises, and then the pathogenic microbes burn ama. If a person does not make any attempts to get rid of ama, then the body has to take measures on its own.
There are four stages through which a disease is treated in Ayurveda:
The first is to establish the cause of the disease.
The second is getting rid of the excess dosha that caused the disease.
The third is balancing doshas and kindling a digestive fire, which will help burn off excess ama and toxic substances.
Fourth - the restoration of damage in the body.
Modern medicine eliminates only the symptoms of the disease, without eliminating the cause. This prevents the body from getting rid of further ama accumulation. As a result, ama penetrates even deeper. Symptomatic treatment leads to the fact that the disease, even though the symptoms can be eliminated, goes into a more severe stage.
Ayurveda - methods of purification
Ayurveda says that if a person has ama, he feels bad and feels weak all the time, in which case several different courses of treatment can be taken. However, before treating an emerging disease, you should first get rid of the accumulated ama. Ayurveda offers a preliminary detox for this.
Detoxification in Ayurveda can have different levels. If we have accumulated a lot of toxic ama, and we immediately undertook a deep detoxification, then the ama that came to the surface after this can even have a detrimental effect on us. Therefore, first of all, gradualism is necessary. Ayurveda talks about pre-detoxification, mild methods for pre-cleansing the body. When the main “gold” reserves of ama are removed from the body, one can go already deeper into the tissue and remove chronic ama from there.
Ayurveda says that the best time to start detoxification is the end of spring or summer, and autumn and winter is the best time to gain weight lost during detoxification.
It is easiest to determine which dosha is inflamed by the following symptoms: strong, sharp, sharp pain indicates that vata is excited. A sign of excited pitta is all inflammatory processes, redness, and if fluid accumulates - pus, mucus or something like that, then Kapha is excited. And further on these signs it is possible to determine what kind of disease.
Ayurveda operates with three concepts of the ratio of doshas in humans:
Prakriti is the primordial nature, the ratio of doshas inherent in a person at birth. It indicates strengths and weaknesses, including a predisposition to certain diseases.
Vikriti - the ratio of doshas at a given or any other point in time. May not coincide with prakriti.
Tridosha - the balance of doshas, a harmonious state, indicating the absence of imbalance, health and a happy life. Tridosha is exactly what you should strive for.
Ayurveda - Panchakarma
Depending on which dosha is inflamed, various cleansing methods are used. In Ayurveda they represent panchakarma. This is vomiting, laxative, enema, nose washing and bloodletting. Vomiting is resorted to in the case of agitated kapha, to a laxative - in the case of agitated pitta, and an enema is done in case of out of balance vata. Nasal instillation is used if ama has accumulated in the head and brain, and bloodletting if blood is infected. The most important and painless of all these cleansing methods are Ayurvedic enemas. However, here you must follow certain precautions. Cleansing the body is an important part of restoring the proper functioning of all tissues of the human body, called in Ayurveda dhatu. Panchakarmu - a set of procedures that should be treated very responsibly and should be carried out under the supervision of an Ayurvedic doctor - vaidya.
Oiling and warming
The next step is to bring the ama, firmly ingrained into the tissue, into a mobile state. Ayurveda advises two things in this regard. The first is the dissolution of ama with vegetable oils, and the second is heat.
As for vegetable oils, if there are a lot of amas, it is best to use castor oil. itthe only remedy that completely liquefies amu. Castor oil completely removes ama, at least from the intestines. It is recommended to take this oil in this way: take a tablespoon of oil and drink it with a cup of ginger tea made from ginger powder. After removing the main excess of ama, you can start taking other oils, but until the excess of ama is removed, you need to use castor oil.
The next method to help remove amu is heat. By its nature, ama is cold. Therefore, you need to go to the sauna and try how to sweat, using various means: sweatshops, ginger tea, cinnamon tea. This will help warm up the body and make amu easily excreted.
Ayurveda gives one interesting example. If you take a dry stick and try to bend it, it will crack. First, it needs to be oiled, heated, and only then bent. The same is true for our body. If you try to cleanse a cold and dry body, then it can “crack”. Therefore, first you need to oil it properly, then heat it up, and after that you can do anything with it. This preliminary step should not be neglected, because any detoxification procedures in a dry body can cause a negative effect.
In no case should you resort to purification processes if the person is too sick. First you need to restore strength and balance the doshas. Ayurveda advises for such patients to prepare a special healing kichri. As we know, Khichri is made from rice and legumes.
The healing Khichri, which balances the doshas, must be prepared from thin or at least soaked rice, and Masha, Mung Dala. Two parts of rice and one part of mash. They should be properly boiled and turned into a homogeneous mass, where you need to add asafoetida, black pepper, caraway seeds, turmeric, coriander.
This diet is for everyone who suffers from chronic or acute illnesses. Kichri practically does not create any ama in the body, is easily digested, contains all the nutrients necessary for a person, and is good at restoring strength. Also, you need to add some ghee, ghee, and rock salt. This khichri is prepared only from mung dala.
Ayurveda and fasting
If you have mild signs of excess ama, such as fever or a complete lack of appetite, you can try to get rid of ama in the simplest way: do not eat at least for 1-2 days. When the body does not cope with the excess of ama and wants to burn it, it is better to help him in this, simply without consuming for some time the extra potential ama in the form of food, which will still not be digested. During fasting, it is very useful to drink ginger tea from dry ginger, because ginger has a sharp taste, healing properties, and helps the body cope with ama very quickly.
Fasting should be stopped as soon as a real hunger appears. In no case do you need to get involved in long posts described in popular books, because long post is very dangerous and can bring good results only to people with a certain constitution and in certain cases. Ayurveda never recommends long posts. As soon as a real hunger appears, you can immediately start eating.
Moreover, it is difficult for people with a Vata and Pitta constitution to tolerate 24-hour fasting even in case of illness. If it is difficult for them to fast, then they can eat light boiled rice. It is an ideal food that can restore strength. You need to take rice, cook it very well, turning it into a liquid slurry, and add a little oil. Such food can also cleanse the body of excess ama. Rice, which is sold in our stores, Korean rice, is only relatively suitable for these purposes, because it contains a large amount of starch. Before cooking, such rice should be soaked properly. It must be in the water for at least 4 hours to remove excess starch from it.
Ayurveda says that you should not get involved in long fasts, firstly, because long fast suppresses agni. Secondly, the hunger that a person experiences during a long fast, goes very deep into the tissue, where the fear of the next fast develops. This fear is deeply entrenched in consciousness, and then a person becomes hungry for food. As a rule, after such posts he has a tendency to overeat. The surest way to get hunger out of control is to fast for a long time.
The softest fasting that Ayurveda recommends is to fast once a week, but you don’t need to fast all day. People who suffer from ama need to have one fasting day at least once a week. Ayurveda claims that it is best to arrange this post on the day of the week that you were born.
If we are talking about a deeper detoxification program, then you can spend longer fasts, but in no case do not combine them with pancha-karma. If one of the pancha karma methods is applied,for example, vomiting or a laxative, then in no case should you fast. Conversely, if you fast, then you can not do enemas. This is one of the mistakes of those who advise to fast and do enemas at the same time. Enema creates a void in the intestines. Feces create a kind of stability in the intestines. Without them, it becomes almost empty, collapses, and this can lead to undesirable consequences. In addition, enemas accompanied by fasting are very exciting and unbalanced cotton wool.
The best post that Ayurveda recommends, at least for Vata, is the post in kichri. It completely or at least to a large extent cleanses the body of ama. Usually for such kichri it is used not green, but yellow mash. This is a slightly different variety of peas, but only with the green peel removed. Yellow mung bean is slightly lighter than green.
It is good for pitta to fast on raw juices, fruits, or raw vegetables. However, one should not drink juices of sweet fruits, because the sweet taste, on the contrary, leads to the formation of ama. It is best to use lemons and grapefruits from fruits, and parsley juice or even radish from vegetables. You can also celery and carrots. Carrots are heavy for fasting, and it a little pitta excites.
Kapha may fast on water for several days. Stop fasting immediately after the first signs of appetite. When a healthy appetite arises, plaque disappears from the tongue, consciousness becomes clear, clarity and lightness in the whole body increase, this means that the goal of fasting is achieved, and it must be stopped immediately.
Fasting should be combined with medicines that restore fire in the body, that is, with various sharp spices. You must drink spicy teas: ginger tea, cinnamon tea, cardamom tea or fennel. You can also drink aloe juice.
There is another form of fasting, when a person eats the same food every day. The digestive apparatus gets used to this food, and it does not need to exert its “intellectual” powers in order to cope with different combinations every time.
Buttermilk fasting is the perfect thing. This is another alternative: instead of fasting in kichri, you can fast on buttermilk. Such a diet can completely save a person from the main layers of ama, especially if you still use a trikat. I fasted on buttermilk and drank a tricat. I did this for 8 or 9 days, and then 8 days left the post. During this time, I almost completely got rid of ama and felt much easier.
Buttermilk fasting is shorter, more effective, and it quickly expels toxins. If a person is weak, then it is better to fast on Kichri, if strong, then it is possible on buttermilk.
Ideally combine fasting with Ekadashi. So this can be done twice a month.
Ayurveda - a diet for intoxication
If you decide to follow a diet in order to get rid of toxins, you need to limit yourself in fruits. You can eat them only in small quantities, and in no case should you eat sweet fruits. You can not eat bananas, pear juice, cherry juice, grape juice and other juices of sweet fruits. Cranberries, lemon, grapefruit and pomegranate are best. This is a food that helps get rid of toxins.
You can eat all the vegetables, but only in small quantities and boiled. You can’t eat fried vegetables, as well as cabbage and potatoes. All other vegetables are possible.
Of cereals, white flour cannot be consumed. This is a very amagenic product that promotes the active formation of ama. White flour is also poorly digested.
Only sugar can be worse than white flour. Sugar contributes even more to the formation of ama. From sweets you can eat honey.
Wheat should always be consumed in limited quantities, because it is poorly digested. It can only be consumed by those with a healthy body. For a lightening, fasting diet, it is not recommended. The best cereal dish is kichri.
Nothing is possible from legumes except Masha. Mash, mung-dal, is the only product that can be consumed with such a diet.
Nothing is possible from nuts, except for a small amount of sesame.
Nothing can be eaten from dairy products except buttermilk or Ayran, diluted yogurt, ghee, just a little.
But spices can be eaten in unlimited quantities.
General notes regarding this diet. You can’t eat too many varied foods at one time. Do not drink a lot with meals. Food must be fresh. If you adhere to this diet, do not heat the kichri prepared the day before yesterday. You can eat three times a day. For vata, you can’t sit on this diet for more than three weeks or a month, pitta can also fast for about three weeks, and kapha for an unlimited time. When there are any signs of vata arousal, such as insomnia, palpitations, weakness, loss of appetite, you need to immediately stop all posts and diets.
If you have during detoxIf you recovered from hunger, this is a good confirmation that you have largely eliminated ama and you need to stop the diet. No need to fast for too long. Unfortunately, we are all somewhat inclined to rush to extremes. If the post means at least forty days. If the diet, then to complete emaciation and exhaustion. When hunger is restored, it means that ama is gone and the digestive fire has returned to normal. But if you continue the diet, the fire will again weaken.
Prakshalana is an ambiguous thing. It gives a primary cleansing. She can not be used more often than once every two months, since it excites vata and partly pitta, does not relieve a person of constipation and does not give a special tone to the intestines. She does a preliminary cleansing, but does not cleanse the deep layers of ama. Also, it does not relieve the tendency to constipation. It has some effect, but this effect is not very deep. Prashalana is not as good as triphala.
So, first, a person must free himself from toxins that interfere not only with his digestion, but also with treatment. No nutrients are absorbed into the body, where there is too much ama. Not only nutrients, but even drugs are not absorbed into it, therefore, no matter how much a person in this state takes drugs, these drugs will not have any effect on him.
The next step, after a person is freed from toxins using one of the described detoxification programs, is balancing the doshas. The definition of prakriti is its individual nature.
In order to return to balance the excited dosha for cotton wool as soon as possible, for example, such a diet is recommended. From spices, she can eat dry ginger, fennel, dill seeds. They will remove from the body the remnants of a deeply ingested ama. To make a fire, you need to use lemons for a sour taste, rock salt for a salty taste, and ginger as a pungent taste. These are essential components for restoring fire. Diet should be easy. Food should mainly be boiled, but by no means raw, and accompanied by a large amount of warm ginger tea. You need to do yoga exercises, take sun baths and avoid drafts.
For pitta, you need to regularly use fennel and sometimes dry ginger. To kindle a fire, you need to use trypphalus and flax seed. Food should be light or raw. People who extol the benefits of a raw food diet typically have a pitta constitution. They were convinced that a raw food diet has a good effect on them, and therefore they are trying to impose it on others. But it can harm others. A raw food diet is not suitable for vata and kapha, but for pitta it is good as an unloading and balancing diet.
Kapha: To balance this dosha, you can use dry ginger or black pepper from spices, as well as Indian cumin. The diet should include bitter and hot spices. One must try to greatly limit oneself in food and in fluids. It’s better to drink ginger tea and exercise more.
By balancing the doshas, a person regains strength. These are mainly dairy products and cheeses. This should be done after a person has got rid of excess dosha, excess of toxins, and then he can begin to restore strength. You can eat sweet fruits, nuts, butter. There are no particular restrictions. The restoration of destroyed tissues contributes to oil massage. He should sleep more, take a massage, walk, etc.
If a person has indigestion, then one of the ways to restore fire in the stomach, jatar-agni, is to sit in the lotus position 30 minutes a day.
Ama is also anartha, because anartha means something undesirable. Vices, shortcomings that are deeply rooted in consciousness, subsequently appear on the physical plane in the form of ama or disease.
One of the conditions that is set in Ayurveda so that treatment is successful is that a person must believe in it. He must firmly believe either in the method of treatment itself, or in a doctor, or in himself. He must necessarily have faith in what he does. He must approach this with confidence, then the treatment will be much more effective.
Ayurveda - preparations for cleansing the body
Preparations for cleansing the body
For mild cleansing of the body, you can use Lasuna, Dasamula churnu or rishta, Varunadi bati, Gokshuradi guggul, Mukti churnu, Triphala churnu, Sukshma triphala bati, Chandrakala races. After carrying out cleansing procedures, it is recommended to take Gandhak Rasayana, Kamdudha rasa, Shatavari kalpa, Chavanprasha.
The most common means for cleansing the body - Triphala (triphala), Dasamula, guggul. Chavanprash in all cases is anupana - enhances the effect of other Ayurvedic remedies.
External purification is:
Bathing the body in the morning and evening (before sunrise and after sunset) with pleasant water. Full ablution is also performed after the defkatsii, but not right before bedtime. First, the legs are washed, then the head, then the whole body. Complete washing of the body: increases life expectancy, immunity, cleanses and harmonizes the aura.
Washing the feet after returning home, before and after meals and at bedtime.
Rinse your mouth after eating, talking and returning home.
After eating, it is necessary to wash the feet, face, eyes, mouth with water to bring the body into a harmonious state.
Wet cleaning of the house and especially the places where they slept, ate and cooked. You can use incense.
Hair and nail care. Both those and others are considered a source of desecration, so carry out these procedures in the bathroom, and carefully clean yourself.
Flushing the nose and eyes from mucus. The nose can be slightly salted with water.
Cleansing the tongue with a tongue cleaner.
Tooth cleansing. (Ingredients: dried mustard seed powder, chalk and salt with camphor).
Cleaning clothes by washing or airing.
Purification of work by donation.
Cleansing food by sanctification.
Cleansing sleep - forgiveness and repentance for the bad deeds done during the day.
Purification of communication by transmitting knowledge of purity and God.
Purification of life by duty.
Balanced diet, taking into account the constitution of man
The excretion of ama by therapeutic methods
Taking Ama Burns
Removing excess doshas in places of their accumulation.
Purification of consciousness by reading the scriptures and chanting the names of God.
The word “god” evokes ambiguous associations among many representatives of Western culture, mainly because spiritual truth is often subjected to distortions and misinterpretations within the framework of fundamentalist religions. This applies more to Western religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam - with their tendency towards religious exclusivity than to Eastern teachings, in which openness of mind is important. Nevertheless, excessive materialism plays a significant role in the development of many diseases, which is often tantamount to a lack of faith in life. As a rule, a disease is a lack of love, in particular, taking care of yourself and your physical body.
It follows that in many cases the first step to healing should be revealing oneself to the divine (cosmic) will and accepting the flow of its mercy. To do this, you need to realize what the purpose and significance of human life and its connection with the process of soul development and the spiritual evolution of all mankind are. This involves the search for truth, the ways and means of which everyone chooses according to the dictates of his own heart. It is necessary to go along the spiritual path that most corresponds to our nature, while always respecting the right of others to follow their own path. This is the meaning of the words “heal the soul first”, where the word “soul” means our inner consciousness.
Western medicine sought to eliminate the religious aspect of treatment. This step was important and necessary for the evolution of the mind. The dogmas of organized religion, authoritarianism and the desire to suppress dissent should not invade the realm of knowledge, where freedom and objectivity of the assessment of empirical data are required. Thanks to the “liberation of medicine from the shackles of religion”, much was gained, however, having excluded the spiritual aspect from consideration, Western medicine lost something more substantial.
The essence of healing is union
Faith, love, devotion, a sense of the unity and divine nature of mankind, life in general - these are what modern medicine lacks. These concepts are not dogma, do not impose on others a guiding idea, will or discipline. They give freedom and space for growth and perception, the flow of cosmic life force necessary for healing to occur. Without them, we are internally broken and exhausted, and our life has little meaning, a few in it there is no place for charm, surprise, beauty and purpose. Most diseases in the modern world are due to the lack of spiritual meaning in our lives. We find ourselves in a network of boredom, looking for external stimuli, and there is practically nothing that would nourish our hearts.
Ayurveda cannot accept medicine outside of religion. From the point of view of her ancient, centuries-old tradition, this would be tantamount to healing without love. However, this does not mean that Ayurveda seeks to impose its form of religiosity on anyone. Together with naturopathic and treatment methods, she gives us Yoga methods that can be adapted to any form of religious or spiritual life, as well as to the absence of such a form. Ayurveda gives us the mercy of the Divine Mother, who is the mother of healing.
The religious tradition of India is beautiful. This is not so much an organized religion as a spiritual source, revealing the most diverse approaches to truth, so that anyone can find what is necessary and especially significant for him. She does not reject anything and does not insist on anything, respecting the divine nature and freedom of every person. Its original and true name is “Sanatana Dharma,” that is, the eternal universal religion, the religion of life itself. It is onIn this religious tradition, Ayurveda practice arose.
A disease is, if not a sign of a spiritual crisis or change, then at least some spiritual opportunity. According to the Upanishads, disease is the highest form of asceticism (tapas), with which you can touch the truth of life and your own "I". A disease may indicate an incorrect course of action during life, but it may also indicate that the energy of the soul is directed inward. In any case, the disease, especially severe, requires a review of our whole life from a spiritual point of view. Therefore, introspection is the first step and the basis for recognizing the cause of the disease and finding ways to eliminate it.
Our whole life is a process of learning and self-knowledge
To understand the causes of the disease, you need to look at it from this point of view. Therefore, one should not only treat the disease, but also use it as an instrument of knowing oneself both on the surface and at the deep level. When the inner consciousness unfolds, we gain inner harmony and joy, which help us overcome any external difficulties. It is the development of awareness that is the basis for the application of Ayurvedic healing methods and means.
In Ayurveda there are no hard and unchanging methods for diagnosing and treating diseases. It offers effective principles, but their application is always individual. Each student and practitioner of Ayurveda has the right to adhere to a different point of view on the nature or treatment of a particular disease: this does not indicate any inconsistencies within this system, but only its breadth.
Ayurveda is focused on achieving harmony, “continuous happiness” by every person and considers a person as part of the Universe, consisting of a close mystical relationship with it. According to the Charaka Samhita, “life itself” is defined as “a combination of the body, the sensory organs, the mind and the soul, the factor responsible for preventing decay and death, which preserves the body for a long time and leads the processes of rebirth.”
According to these views, Ayurveda is developing measures to protect the ayus, which includes healthy living, along with therapeutic measures that relate to physical, mental, social and spiritual harmony. Ayurveda is one of the few traditional systems of medicine that has a complex system of surgery - "salya-chikitsa."
Ayurveda and the Tridosh system
According to the philosophy of Buddhism, matter consists of 5 basic "gross elements":
earth (prithvi) - is a solid substance or energy packed in a substance.
water (jala) - the principle of interaction or the liquid state of a substance.
fire (agni) - the principle of the release of energy from a substance or plasma state.
air (vayu) - the principle of motion of matter or the gaseous state of matter.
ether (akasha) - the substance of space, an analogue of the physical vacuum.
“Rough elements” are the only physical component of the individual, in contrast to the other four “subtle” (“mental”) primary elements (nama). In various combinations, these elements make up various tissues of the human body - dhatu. Elements are grouped into 3 basic fundamental life forces - doshas - which regulate all body functions. A person is healthy when the doshas are in a balanced state.
Vata (ether and air) is the principle of impulse necessary to mobilize the function of the nervous system.
Pitta (fire and water) is an energy principle that uses bile to direct digestion and hence metabolism into the venous system.
Kapha (water and earth) - the principle of body fluid, which is related to mucous substances, lubrication and a source of nutrients for the arterial system.
Also, dhatu and doshas should receive food, water and so on for their life activities. If the quality and quantity of food and other substances consumed by a person is below the required level, then the balance is disturbed. Equilibrium can also be disturbed by mental factors and seasonal changes. Within certain limits, the body itself has the ability to cope with these disorders. But if they exceed the capabilities of the body, a person becomes ill. The disease can affect any organ, but the cause may not be rooted in the affected organ, because the pathogen can progress through any of the channels of the body. Therefore, when examining a patient, the doctor seeks to establish the root cause of the disease, to investigate the homeostasis (stability) of the holistic system and systematize its violations.
Ayurvedic texts describe different types of microorganisms and their pathogenic properties. However, Ayurveda does not consider microorganisms as the root cause of the disease, but only as a secondary factor. The root cause of the disease is always an imbalance of elements in the body. If the body is in a state of equilibrium, then no microbes, even the most dangerous, are able to cause illness.